Lighting Information

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by Slimguy32



USEFUL LIGHTING TABLES for INDOOR HORTICULTURE

1. Photosynthesis Rate across the Electro-Magnetic Spectrum
2. Abridged Lighting Product List
  2.1. High Presssure Sodium (HPS) bulbs
  2.2. Metal Halide (MH) bulbs
  2.3. Flourescent tubes, 96"
  2.4. Flourescent tubes, 48"
  2.5. Mercury Vapor bulbs (*)
  2.6. Tungsten Halogen double end lamps (*)
  2.7. Halogen Floodlights (*)
  2.8. Incandescent Floodlights (*)

1. PHOTOSYNTHESIS RATE across the ELECTRO-MAGNETIC SPECTRUM


       UV   violet   blue   green   yellow   orange    red    infrared


   100 -       + +                                                       
             +     +                                   +
R   80 -   +         + +                           +                     
                         +                           +   + 
A   60 -                   +                     +                       
                                               +        
T   40 -                     +             + +             +             
                               + +     + +                  
E   20 -                           + +                       +           
                                                               +
     0 -                                                         +       

           |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |

    nm    400     450     500     550     600     650     700     750
     K      7000 6500  6000   5500    5000      4500          4000

                 Radiation Wavelength & Black Body Temperature

 +   Photosynthesis Rate (percentage)
nm   Nano-meters (Angstroms = nm x 10)
 K   Kelvin temperature (K = 2.89 x 10^6 nm K / Wavelength nm)

Source:  J. Whitmarsh, et al.  Department of Plant Biology and Center of
 Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at
 Urbana-Champaign (unpublished data).

2. Abridged LIGHTING PRODUCT LIST

High Presssure Sodium (HPS) bulbs

                        Temp     Avg
Lumens Watts     LPW     (K)   Hours   Company   Product Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
140000  1000   140.0    2100   24000   Iwasaki   Eye Sunlux
130000  1000   130.0    2100   24000   Sylvania  LU1000 Lumalux
130000   940   138.3    2100   24000   Iwasaki   Eye Sunlux (MH conversion)
 84000   600   140.0    2100   18000   Sylvania  LU600 Planta
 53000   430   123.3    2000   16000   Philips   Son Agro
 51500   430   119.8    2100   18000   Sylvania  LU430 Planta
 50000   400   125.0    2100   24000   Philips   ALTO HPS Lamp
 50000   400   125.0    2100   24000   Iwasaki   Eye Sunlux
 50000   400   125.0    2100   24000   Sylvania  LU400 Lumalux
 45000   360   125.0    2100   24000   Iwasaki   Eye Sunlux (MH conversion)    
 
 29000   250   116.0    2100   24000   Sylvania  LU250 Lumalux
 28000   250   112.0    2100   24000   Philips   ALTO HPS Lamp
 22000   200   110.0   <2100   24000   Sylvania  LU200 Lumalux
 16000   150   106.7   <2100   24000   Sylvania  LU150 Lumalux

Metal Halide (MH) bulbs

                        Temp     Avg
Lumens Watts     LPW     (K)   Hours   Company   Product Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
125000  1000   125.0    3700   10000   Philips   Pulse Start Metal Halide
125000  1000   125.0    4200   12000   Iwasaki   MH BSX/BU 1000
115000  1000   115.0    4000   12000   Sylvania  MS1000/BU Super Metalarc
115000  1000   115.0    3400   12000   Sylvania  MS1000/C/BU Super Metalarc
 40000   400   100.0    4300   20000   Philips   Pulse Start Metal Halide
 40000   400   100.0    5000   20000   Philips   5K High Output Metal Halide
 39000   400    97.5    4200   20000   Sylvania  MS400/HOR Super Metalarc
 38000   400    95.0    4200   20000   Iwasaki   MH 400 Eye Sunlux
 38000   400    95.0    3800   20000   Sylvania  MS400/C/HOR Super Metalarc
 34500   400    86.3    3200   20000   Sylvania  MS400/3K/HOR Super Metalarc
 30400   320    95.0    4300   20000   Philips   Pulse Start Metal Halide
 23000   250    92.0    4300   10000   Philips   Pulse Start Metal Halide
 23000   250    92.0    4200   10000   Sylvania  MS250/HOR Super Metalarc
 22000   250    88.0    3800   10000   Sylvania  MS250/C/HOR Super Metalarc
 18000   250    72.0    3200   10000   Sylvania  MS250/3K/HOR Super Metalarc
 15000   175    85.7    4200    7500   Sylvania  MS175/HOR Super Metalarc
 15000   175    85.7    3800    7500   Sylvania  MS175/C/HOR Super Metalarc   
 15000   175    74.3    3200    7500   Sylvania  MS175/3K/HOR Super Metalarc
  9300   100    93.0    4200    7500   Philips   4K Master Color ED-17
  6800   100    68.0    4200    7500   Philips   4K Master Color PAR-38

Flourescent tubes, 96"

                        Temp     Avg
Lumens Watts     LPW     (K)   Hours   Company   Product Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  9400   110    85.5    3000   12000   Sylvania  F96T12/D830/HO
  9400   110    85.5    3500   12000   Sylvania  F96T12/D835/HO
  9050   110    82.3    4100   12000   Sylvania  F96T12/D841/HO
  8800   110    80.5    6500   12000   Sylvania  F96T12/D865/HO
  5200   110    47.3    3400   12000   Sylvania  F96T12/GRO/HO/WS Gro-Lux

Flourescent tubes, 48"

                        Temp     Avg
Lumens Watts     LPW     (K)   Hours   Company   Product Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  4400    60    73.3    3000   12000   Sylvania  F48T12/D830/HO Designer
  4250    60    70.8    4100   12000   Sylvania  F48T12/D41/HO Designer
  4250    60    70.8    3500   12000   Sylvania  F48T12/D35/HO Designer 
  4250    60    70.8    4100   12000   Philips   F48T12/SPEC41/HO
  4250    60    70.8    3500   12000   Philips   F48T12/SPEC35/HO
  4250    60    70.8    3000   12000   Philips   F48T12/SPEC30/HO
  3400    60    56.6    6500   12000   Philips   F48T12/D/HO Daylight
  3700    40    92.5    5000   20000   Philips   F40/AX50 Advantage X
  3700    40    92.5    4100   20000   Philips   F40/AX41 Advantage X
  3700    40    92.5    3500   20000   Philips   F40/AX35 Advantage X
  3700    40    92.5    3000   20000   Philips   F40/AX35 Advantage X
  3600    40    90.0    5000   24000   Philips   F40T12/ADV50/ALTO
  3600    40    90.0    4100   24000   Philips   F40T12/ADV41/ALTO
  3600    40    90.0    3500   24000   Philips   F40T12/ADV35/ALTO
  3600    40    90.0    3000   24000   Philips   F40T12/ADV30/ALTO
  3500    40    87.5    4100   20000   GE        Staybright
  3500    40    87.5    3500   20000   GE        Staybright 
  3500    40    87.5    3000   20000   GE        Staybright 
  3300    40    82.5    4100   20000   Sylvania  F40/D841 Designer 800
  3300    40    82.5    3500   20000   Sylvania  F40/D835 Designer 800
  3300    40    82.5    3000   20000   Sylvania  F40/D830 Designer 800
  3300    40    82.5    4100   20000   Philips   F40/41U Ultralume
  3300    40    82.5    3500   20000   Philips   F40/35U Ultralume
  3300    40    82.5    3000   20000   Philips   F40/30U Ultralume
  3280    40    82.0    5000   20000   Philips   F40/50U Ultralume 
  3200    40    80.0    4100   20000   Philips   F40T12 Home Light Cool
  3200    40    80.0    3500   20000   Philips   F40T12 Home Light Warm
  3000    40    75.0    6500   20000   Sylvania  F40/D865 Designer 800
  2600    40    65.0    6500   20000   Philips   F40D Daylight 
  2250    40    56.3    5000   20000   GE        Sunshine Full Spec
  1900    40    47.5    3050   20000   GE        Plant/Aquarium WS 
  1875    40    46.9    3400   20000   Sylvania  F40GRO/WS Gro-Lux
  1600    40    40.0      na   20000   Philips   Agro-Lite
   800    40    20.0    6750   20000   GE        F40PL "Gro & Sho"  (*)

Mercury Vapor bulbs (*)

                        Temp     Avg
Lumens Watts     LPW     (K)   Hours   Company   Product Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 60500  1000    60.5    4300   24000   Sylvania  H36GW-1000/DX Brite White Dlx
 22000   400    55.0    4300   24000   Sylvania  H33GL-400/DX Brite White Dlx
 12500   250    50.0    4300   24000   Sylvania  H37KC-250/DX Brite White Dlx
  8400   175    48.0   <4300   24000   Sylvania  H39KC-175/DX Brite White Dlx
  4200   100    42.0   <4300   24000   Sylvania  H38AV-100/DX Brite White Dlx

Tungsten Halogen double end lamps (*)

                        Temp     Avg
Lumens Watts     LPW     (K)   Hours   Company   Product Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 22000  1000    22.0   <3200    2000   Sylvania  1000T3Q/CL
 11000   500    22.0   <3200    2000   Sylvania  500T3Q/CL
 10000   350    28.6    3075    2000   GE        Q350T3/CL/ULTRA Halogen Ultra 
 
  6000   300    20.0   <3200    2000   Sylvania  300T3Q/CL
  5950   225    26.4    2965    3000   GE        Q225T2/CL/ULTRA Halogen Ultra
  3600   200    18.0   <3200    2000   Sylvania  200T3Q/CL
  2800   150    18.7   <3200    2000   Sylvania  150T3Q/CL
  1600   100    16.0   <3200    2000   Sylvania  100T3Q/CL

Halogen Floodlights (*)

                        Temp     Avg
Lumens Watts     LPW     (K)   Hours   Company   Product Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  3000   150    20.0    2900    2250   Philips   HalogenA
  2200   150    14.6   <3200    3000   Sylvania  150PAR/CAP/FL/30 Capsylite
  1900   120    15.8   <3200    3000   Sylvania  120PAR/CAP/FL/30 Capsylite
  1880   100    18.8    2900    2250   Philips   HalogenA
  1680    90    18.7    2900    2250   Philips   HalogenA
  1260    90    14.0   <3200    2500   GE        Miser Plus Halogen Flood 
  1260    90    14.0   <3200    2500   Sylvania  90PAR/CAP/2FL/30 Capsylite
  1040    75    13.9   <3200    2500   Sylvania  75PAR/CAP/FL/30 Capsylite

Incandescent Floodlights (*)

                        Temp     Avg
Lumens Watts     LPW     (K)   Hours   Company   Product Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  2175   150    14.5   <3000    1000   Sylvania  150PAR/SP Spot
  1740   120    14.5   <3000    1500   Philips   120PAR/FL27 Silver Line Plus 
  1545   150    10.3   <3000    2000   Sylvania  150BR/GRO "Spot-GRO"
  1300   120    10.8   <3000    500    GE        120BR40/PL Plant Gro n Show 
   770    75    10.3   <3000    2000   Sylvania  75BR30/GRO "Spot-GRO" 

(*) This type of lamp is too inefficient for indoor garden use.


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